Regulatory T Cells promote remyelination

In MS, myelin, the material that surrounds and protects nerve fibres, is damaged in the brain and spinal cord, and so are the cells that make myelin, called oligodendrocytes. The attack on myelin is driven by specific immune cells called T cells. A subset of T cells, known as T regulatory cells, or Tregs, have the ability to regulate or suppress the immune attack. In people with MS, however, Tregs have been shown to be less able to perform this helpful function. Previous research has indicated a possible role of…

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